Many agricultural land non-agricultural function opposite illegally now. One of main objectives in the agrarian reform is land structure lameness manage to raise welfare of farmers, not by restoring agricultural as the means of production.
Census of Agricultural 2013 stated that agricultural land in Indonesia lost 0,25 hectares per minute. If 0.25 hectares of land belong to one farmer’s family, if converted in calculations, one household loses its livelihood every minute.
Meanwhile, the Central Statistics 2011 data (BPS) shows that Indonesia’s poor population is 30.02 million people or 12.49% of the population. Almost 19 million poor people living in rural areas are mostly farmers.
Therefore, agrarian reform should be as bright as hope for farmers. Agrarian reform is expected to be an instrument to narrow the imbalance of land tenure and ownership that has occurred since ancient times.
Then, how is the course of agrarian reform in Indonesia? The government through the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (ATR/BPN) issued the concept of agrarian reform by carrying out the legalization of assets and redistribution of land or called land object of agrarian reform (TORA).
There are several points that can be observed. First, increasing legal certainty over land. Second, increasing the certainty of land availability for the public interest. Third, improve land services. Fourth, improve the portion of ownership, control, and utilization of land.
TORA is planned for 9 million hectares of land, consisting of 4.5 million hectares for asset legalization and 4.5 million land redistribution. The legalization of assets consists of 0.6 million hectares for the legalization of community assets, while the land redistribution consists of 0.4 million hectares of abandoned land and 4.1 million hectares of land for the release of forest land.
However, in its realization, TORA is only limited to the issue of legalizing assets, and the process is nothing but the obligations and routine activities of the Ministry of Agrarian and Spatial Planning/National Land Agency (ATR/BPN). The agrarian problem is far broader than just the legalization of assets and land certification because the concept of land reform throughout the world is land to the farm, aka land for agriculture. The concept of TORA and its implementation have not touched the agricultural economy in real terms
The basis of the problem and the concept of land reform must be truly understood. It could be that the TORA concept might increase the rate of economic growth, but it could also make agricultural productivity lagging behind. Agricultural land and farmers are strategic positions in meeting food needs. Therefore, the agrarian reform program should be able to spur the increase in farmers’ welfare. When finished on the subject, it means only until the redistribution of land for agriculture. It should not stop there, then it must go into the object, namely agrarian reform also accompanied by supporting programs, such as counseling and education about the technology of production, marketing and credit.
The sovereignty of farmers may meet with a little hope, if the TORA program launched by the government focuses on the fundamental problem in accordance with the ideal order of land reform, namely the redistribution of land, restoring, and maintaining agricultural land. Reducing the poverty rate of most farmers in rural areas, not by forcing them to switch to the non-agricultural sector, but paying attention and fully supporting what they do, in an effort to meet the needs of the Indonesian people for food.